Eye Blood Pressure Symptoms

Table of Contents

eye blood pressure symptoms

This test measures intraocular pressure (IOP). Your eyes will be numbed before a small probe touches your cornea surface – with readings typically falling under 21 mm Hg for optimal results.

High blood pressure can damage the small blood vessels that supply the retina with blood, leading to hypertensive retinopathy.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is often known as a “silent killer”, as its symptoms typically do not manifest until levels have reached dangerously high levels. It is one of the leading causes of stroke, heart disease, kidney problems and other serious health issues.

High blood pressure occurs when too much force flows through one’s arteries, forcing them to narrow and stiffen – eventually leading to damage of their arterial walls and shortness of breath. High blood pressure also leads to fluid build-up in their lungs which may result in shortness of breath for those affected.

People can lower their blood pressure through lifestyle changes such as eating less sodium-rich food, drinking less alcohol and being physically active. If necessary, medications may also be prescribed by a physician to help manage high blood pressure. Regularly getting your blood pressure checked as part of routine health exams will allow early identification and management of high blood pressure before it leads to other health complications.


Glaucoma is an eye disease that destroys the optic nerve, the pathway between eyes and brain, that transmits visual information from one. It’s one of the main causes of irreversible blindness worldwide. Glaucoma is typically caused by high intraocular pressure, but can also occur even when intraocular pressure levels remain normal. Left untreated, glaucoma will lead to gradual vision loss, first beginning as peripheral vision before progressing to tunnel vision and ultimately blindness. Your eye doctor can detect glaucoma during an eye exam by conducting various tests, such as tonometry and direct examination of the back of your eye to inspect optic nerve shape and color; they may also perform visual field testing and corneal thickness measurement.

Healthy eyes require a steady supply of fluid – called aqueous humor – that flows constantly through it, protecting the optic nerve. Production and drainage must remain balanced; too much fluid production or blocked drainage systems could lead to pressure build-up within the eye, damaging its delicate optic nerve. Open-angle glaucoma is one of the most prevalent types, typically developing gradually over time; in this form of the disease, drainage areas become blocked up so not enough fluid drains out, leading to gradual peripheral vision loss over time.

Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when your iris comes too close to blocking off your eye’s drainage angle, leading to sudden increases in eye pressure that may become painfully elevated quickly and lead to blindness if untreated. It is more serious than open-angle glaucoma in that sudden pressure spikes could potentially be painful and even lead to blindness within hours if untreated.

Glaucoma once the optic nerve is damaged is incurable; however it can be managed through prescription eye drops, medicines to lower eye pressure, laser treatment or surgery to increase outflow of aqueous humor. Regular visits should be scheduled with your eye doctor to make sure that the pressure in your eyes remains normal.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

This condition is marked by a bright red spot on the white part of the eye (sclera). This occurs when a blood vessel ruptures beneath your clear membrane that lines the inside of your eyelids – also known as conjunctiva – releasing blood onto its white part that appears like a bruise-like mark on your sclera. Although typically harmless and painless, over two to three weeks it will fade to yellow as blood absorbs back into your eye.

Fragile blood vessels lining the eye can easily burst under pressure from eye injuries or sudden increases in blood pressure, such as when you sneeze or cough heavily. People who rub their eyes frequently, wear contact lenses frequently, or are taking certain medical conditions or medications which interfere with their blood’s clotting ability may be particularly susceptible to subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Your healthcare provider will ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam, which should include an eye exam using a special lighted microscope. They may also want to know about other illnesses that require different treatment. If you experience frequent or excessive subconjunctival hemorrhage, they may look further into its source by checking blood pressure, looking into blood-clotting disorders and ordering laboratory tests to pinpoint its source.

If you experience a traumatic hyphema, healthcare providers will likely use a slit lamp and orbital CT scan to assess its extent. If bleeding extends over the pupil, they might need to check for a closed globe; otherwise they should reassure you and allow the injury to heal naturally. If symptoms persist after 24 hours or 48 hours have passed, blood tests or clotting screens might need to be ordered in order to assess what might be causing it.


Stroke occurs when an artery or blood vessel that supplies oxygen to the brain ruptures, breaks open or becomes blocked with a blood clot and cuts off access, cutting off oxygen to localized areas that could result in permanent or fatal brain damage. There are two primary types of stroke – ischemic and hemorrhagic. Certain risk factors for stroke may increase its likelihood – poorly controlled high blood pressure, smoking cigarettes, high cholesterol levels, diabetes as well as cardiovascular disease including obstructive sleep apnea all increase this risk as do family histories or genetic mutations of stroke.

Signs of stroke include sudden weakness or numbness on one side of the face or body, vision problems such as blurriness or double vision, trouble speaking and slurred speech, as well as difficulty walking. If any of these symptoms develop suddenly and unexpectedly, call 911 immediately; record their time of onset; use B.E. F.A.S.T to remember these warning signs (B is for balance, E for eyes, F for face drooping and A for arms weakness).

Hemorrhagic strokes often strike suddenly. If you experience one, make sure to seek medical help immediately; every minute counts! Stroke victims not treated within four hours have an increased chance of dying or being permanently disabled.

At first, treating a stroke involves controlling blood flow to the brain in order to minimize further damage, including clearing any blockages in arteries and making sure clots do not move further upstream toward the brain. Once this step has been accomplished, treatment efforts focus on restoring lost functions like paralysis, difficulty moving or communicating and vision/hearing issues.

At this stage, it is crucial to maintain strength, improve mobility and ensure good circulation by engaging in physical exercise and eating nutritious foods. Joining a support group is also a fantastic way to meet people going through similar struggles as yourself.

About the Author:
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Alexander Suprun

Alex started his first web marketing campaign in 1997 and continues harvesting this fruitful field today. He helped many startups and well-established companies to grow to the next level by applying innovative inbound marketing strategies. For the past 26 years, Alex has served over a hundred clients worldwide in all aspects of digital marketing and communications. Additionally, Alex is an expert researcher in healthcare, vision, macular degeneration, natural therapy, and microcurrent devices. His passion lies in developing medical devices to combat various ailments, showcasing his commitment to innovation in healthcare.


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