Cystoid Macular Degeneration Treatment

Table of Contents

An eye examination that includes careful evaluation and special photos could detect cystoid macular edema (CME). Your ophthalmologist can conduct fluorescein angiography or optical coherence tomography to diagnose this condition.

CME occurs when fluid accumulates within the layers of the macula, blurring central vision and distorting straight lines. It can occur following cataract surgery as well as other conditions.

Subtenons Kenalog Treatment

Sub-tenon injections are painless in-office procedures that take only seconds to perform, delivered via needle into any swelling of the eye known as chalazion or cystoid macular degeneration (swollen macula). Subtenons Kenalog Treatment helps reduce retina inflammation that can lead to severe vision loss if left untreated; their injection contains triamcinolone acetonide that decreases swelling of macula, approved by FDA as an FDA treatment option and very effective at alleviating symptoms associated with these two conditions.

Objectives of This Prospective, Observational Study (18 patients in total) were given either Kenalog(r) 40 mg subtenon injections for chronic intraocular inflammation and/or macular cistoidea for three week treatment cycles; 69% saw their visual acuity improve with Kenalog and 47% with Depomedrol 40mg injections respectively in their subtenon of their posterior vitreous. Pressure and visual acuity measurements were assessed both before and three weeks following treatment initiation – visual acuity improved in 92% of cases receiving Kenalog(r); 47% were receiving their first sub-tenon injecao of Depomedrol 40mg subtenon injecao; both treatments led to improvements. Pressure and visual acuity improved at baseline while 47% received first injection of their respective medication control medication injection; pressure and visual acuity increased following first sub-tenon injecao injecao injecao of Kenalog; in both groups; pressure improved at baseline as well as at 3 weeks post injecao Kenalog injection and 92% experienced improvements after first sub-tenon injecao injecao injecao injecao injecao injecao in both groups whereas for 92% when given subtenon injecao injecao injection. Visual acuity increased with regard to 47% during 3 week. Visual acuity improved over this study period while it increased for those receiving Depomedrol 40 mg treatment of Depomedrol(40m). Visual Acuity increased by 92% of those receiving first subtenon injecao when administered versus 47% who received first subtenn injection of Depommedrol subteno injectcao as opposed to 47% who received first subtenon injecao injectcao de methilpredrol controlled medication. Visual Acuity improved significantly more importantly improved. compared with similarity improved while 47%.

IOP levels decreased postoperative day 1 and returned to normal within 2.5+/-1.9 days on average (range 1-5d). Use of antiglaucoma medications prior to subtenon TA removal was positively correlated with greater IOP lowering and faster return to baseline after surgery, while older age was a major contributor in time it took for normal IOP after subtenon TA removal.

Triamcinolone acetonide injections into the subtenons of eyes were safe, well tolerated, and showed improvement in visual acuity for patients suffering from chronic wet macular degeneration. The results from this study support previous findings of the Agency that Kenalog-40 (triamcinolone acetonide) is approved to treat sympathetic ophthalmia, temporal arteritis and other eye inflammation unresponsive to topical corticosteroids as 505(b)(2) indications as 505(b)(2) indications. This confirms long history of use which has successfully treated these conditions successfully.

Intravitreal Medications

An intravitreal injection, more commonly known by its acronym IVI, may be used as a viable treatment option for some conditions. Medication injected directly into the eye (known as intravitreal injections) may help preserve vision while being painlessly administered in seconds by trained retina specialists. IVIs may be administered for macular degeneration, diabetes eye disease, retinal vein occlusion and other pathologies affecting vision – among many others.

Cystoid Macular Oedema (CMO, an inflammation and fluid accumulation in the central retina) is a serious, visually significant complication following cataract surgery that affects 1-2% of patients. Most cases resolve using topical anti-inflammatory eye drops; however, more serious cases may require intravitreal injections as treatment options.

An anti-VEGF medication called ranibizumab, when injected into the vitreous cavity, works to inhibit new blood vessel formation while decreasing their permeability within retinal blood vessels. Studies have revealed this medication’s ability to significantly increase visual acuity and sensitivity among those suffering from AMD, diabetic macular edema, choroidal neovascularization and related macular conditions; making this advancement in treatment one of the major advances in this field and currently used as standard care treatment of these conditions.

This study conducted on two eyes of patients suffering from pseudophakic cystoid macular oedema related to Irvine-Gass syndrome found that injecting ranibizumab significantly improved best corrected visual acuity, retinal thickness on optical coherence tomography (OCT), and light perception vision as measured on fundus fluorescein angiography; furthermore it reduced non-topical therapy such as laser photocoagulation or vitrectomy.

Intravitreal injection has become an integral part of ophthalmology and can usually be performed in an office under local anesthesia. There have been multiple studies done comparing different forms of anesthesia for intravitreal injection. Topical anesthesia seems particularly effective, with reduced risks such as endophthalmitis. Furthermore, studies have also demonstrated its painlessness as an option.

Intravitreal Injections

An intravitreal injection is a shot of medicine administered by your healthcare provider into the back of your eye. Your vitreous cavity, filled with jelly-like fluid known as vitreous body fluid, provides space for this procedure; your healthcare provider injects medicine directly into it near the retina at the back of your eye for use against certain eye conditions and to safeguard vision.

At your health care provider’s office, a safe procedure typically lasts 15-30 minutes and usually starts with your eyes being widen (dilated) with drops before lying down comfortably for the injection procedure. Your healthcare provider may use a small device to keep the eyelids open before carefully injecting medicine into each eye. While you may feel some pressure during this step, it should not be painful.

Intravitreal injections are administered using a small needle inserted through the white part of your eye (sclera). They are quick and painless procedures; afterward your eye and surrounding area should remain numb for several hours post procedure.

Your eye medication selection depends on the condition being treated, such as glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion or uveitis. Intravitreal ranibizumab treatment is the standard approach to AMD treatment.

Note that these injections aren’t a cure for macular degeneration; rather they help stabilize and improve your vision by preventing further macular degeneration through reduced build-up of fluid in your eye. Your doctor will monitor whether your eye condition has improved or stabilized over time and decide if any further injections should be administered.

Be sure to notify your physician of any eye pain, discomfort, redness or changes in vision immediately. Also seek medical help immediately if symptoms of serious medical emergencies appear such as severe bleeding in the eye or sudden blindness or sensory loss in arms and legs.

Laser Surgery

Laser surgery employs laser beams of light instead of scalpels to cut tissue, creating precise cuts without harming surrounding structures. When applied to the eye, laser surgery can reshape corneal contours, decrease myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism as well as treat retinal detachments or seal tears in retina. It may also coagulate blood vessels, treat retinal detachments and seal tears within retina. Beyond eyes alone, laser surgery has many other applications including cutting through bone or even cancerous tumor removal procedures with carbon dioxide lasers being the most prevalent source.

Laser surgery during cataract removal utilizes laser capsulotomy to create an opening in the capsular bag of the eye to prevent fluid from seeping into the macula after cataract removal. YAG laser capsulotomy is an extremely safe and straightforward process; visual acuity usually returns within several days following this procedure.

Cystoid macular edema (CME) is a condition in which fluid collects within the layers of the macula, leading to blurry or distorted central vision. This may result from eye disease, injury or rarer still following cataract surgery and requires special tests such as fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography for proper detection.

CME may be caused by certain medications and can adversely impact those of advanced age, ethnicity or glaucoma. Therefore, it’s important to discuss this matter with both your physician and insurance provider as it could impact coverage or reimbursement levels.

About the Author:
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Alexander Suprun

Alex started his first web marketing campaign in 1997 and continues harvesting this fruitful field today. He helped many startups and well-established companies to grow to the next level by applying innovative inbound marketing strategies. For the past 26 years, Alex has served over a hundred clients worldwide in all aspects of digital marketing and communications. Additionally, Alex is an expert researcher in healthcare, vision, macular degeneration, natural therapy, and microcurrent devices. His passion lies in developing medical devices to combat various ailments, showcasing his commitment to innovation in healthcare.


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