Blepharitis – What is Blepharitis Bacteria?

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blepharitis bacteria

Blepharitis is an eye condition characterized by reddening and swelling around your eyes, hard crusts at the base of your eyelashes, itchy, flaky skin, as well as redness or swelling around your follicles. It may be caused by either normal germs or skin conditions like dandruff on the scalp, rosacea or acne – among others.


Blepharitis, caused by an abundance of bacteria on eyelashes, causes inflammation to the rims of eyelids and can result in itching, flaking skin around eyes, blurred vision and pain. Blepharitis may recur and often leads to dry eye issues as a side effect; Staphylococcal blepharitis may require medical intervention for treatment.

Symptoms of blepharitis can include red, itchy eyes that burn or water easily and sometimes appear crusty when you awake. It may also cause an uncomfortable burning sensation in the eye and inflamed lids which become tender or sensitive to light, with tender or sensitive lids often associated with this skin condition. Blepharitis tends to affect those suffering from certain skin conditions like dandruff, ocular rosacea and eczema; in rare instances it could even be caused by fungal infection such as candidiasis which overgrowth of yeast in their body resulting in various symptoms and infections throughout their bodies – even though rarely causing symptoms may arise as the same conditions!

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are responsible for most cases of blepharitis. Women are more likely to be affected by this form of blepharitis than other varieties and it is also more likely to arise in people suffering from other ocular diseases or skin conditions; furthermore it tends to recur repeatedly and be difficult to treat effectively.

Blepharitis can occur on either the anterior or posterior surface. Anterior blepharitis typically results from bacteria build-up on eyelashes and dandruff, or specific skin conditions like ocular rosacea and eczema. Mites can also contribute, which clog roots of eyelashes causing debris buildup at their roots.

Posterior Blepharitis (PB) is typically caused by complications with the meibomian glands on the inner edge of the eyelid (meibomian glands). Other potential triggers for PB could include allergic reactions to cosmetics or materials found in contact lenses, ocular rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis or other skin conditions as well as presence of demodex mites that reside in hair follicles and release waste material that clogs up the lash line causing P B from behind.


Blepharitis is an eye condition that often manifests with redness, swelling and flaky crusts near the eyelid line. This may be caused by various factors, including skin conditions like dandruff or rosacea as well as problems with oil glands in the lid, allergies, stress or eyelash mites – it often coincides with dry eyes in some people too; some doctors even think they might be related.

Blepharitis is not contagious, yet symptoms may recur often; therefore it’s essential to maintain strict eyelid hygiene and regularly clean your eyes using an approved cleanser. Untreated blepharitis may lead to other eye infections and even damage your cornea if left untreated properly.

Blepharitis’ primary symptoms are gritty sensations in the eyes, itching, and burning sensations are also often present. Irritated eyes may rub their lids vigorously causing corneal infection known as keratitis or ulcers to form on their front surfaces; additionally some individuals experience blurry vision or loss of eyelashes as a result.

Different forms of blepharitis produce differing symptoms; those suffering from seborrheic blepharitis will have dandruff-like scales on their eyelashes and an itchy or greasy feeling in their eyes; those living with inflammatory blepharitis will develop red, itchy swollen eyelids with crusty patches on them as well as redness in their vision – symptoms which vary according to which kind is being affected by.

Another symptom is the formation of an eyelid stye or cyst. This could be caused by many things, including using expired contact lens solutions or makeup, poor hygiene practices on the eyelids, swollen oil glands, rashes, rosacea or parasites such as Demodex mites.

Treatment for blepharitis typically includes routine cleaning with either an approved prescription ointment or over-the-counter eyelid scrub to eliminate build-up of bacteria and oil on eyelids as well as Demodex mites present. Sometimes antibiotics like Chloramphenicol ointment or Fusidic acid may be prescribed in order to target any potential bacteria sources for the condition.


Your pediatrician will conduct a careful history and examination, using fluorescein drops if necessary to visualize bacteria on your child’s eyelashes, looking for flaking of lid margins or eyelashes, as well as any gritty sensation in their eyes. In some instances styes, hordeolums or cysts on lid margins or thick dandruff-like scales around eyelash bases may also appear – this condition often caused by dry eye syndrome, dandruff buildup combined with skin conditions like Rosacea or acne rosacea as well as overgrowth of an organism known as Demodex mites.

General, blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelid skin and base, usually at its edge. It may be long-term (chronic), or intermittent. Your child’s ophthalmologist will usually recommend daily warm compresses to clean and clear away debris from his/her eyelid, in addition to medicated eyelid wipes, shampoo or ointment that reduce the number of bacteria or Demodex mites on his or her eyelid.

Staphylococcal (blephlycoccal) blepharitis (also called Blephlycoccal Blepharitis) occurs when bacteria infect the oil glands of the eyelid. This type of blepharitis can be extremely painful and frequently leads to the development of styes or chalazion; symptoms include an eyelid swelling with tender lumps, itching, foreign body sensation and foreign body feeling in both eyes.

An oil gland infection is typically the result of poor eyelid hygiene, seborrhea, dry eyes, abrasions, contact lens wear, dandruff, dermatitis, rosacea or hormone changes; although treatment is often successful. Recurring infections may continue after treatment has ended but they can be effectively managed with regular eyelid hygiene practices and using gentle cleanser to cleanse this area on a daily basis – adding warm compresses or medicated ointment may further decrease its frequency as well as symptoms – although in some patients oral antibiotics may be required in some cases.


Blepharitis is often a chronic condition, but there are treatments available that can reduce symptoms and help prevent future flare-ups. Good eyelid hygiene – such as regular cleaning with non-prescription eyelid scrubs – is key in relieving symptoms and preventing future episodes. Cleanliness also means regularly using non-prescription scrubs on eyelids that form crusts; using ointments with the ingredient cyclosporin may be effective at loosening and removing them, while warm compresses or artificial tears may provide comfort; some patients with severe cases can benefit from prescription anti-inflammatory eye drops or topical steroid ointments from their doctor or physician.

Blepharitis-causing bacteria typically reside at the edge of your eyelid where your eyelashes attach, eventually building up to form a biofilm – which in turn becomes consumed by parasitic eyelash mites (Demodex). Their overgrowth then results in red, swollen and itchy eyelids due to constant irritation caused by their presence.

Blepharitis symptoms include gritty sensation in eyes, tearing, itching, red and swollen eyelids, dry eyes and dandruff-like scales at the base of eyelashes. If left untreated, symptoms could progress into more serious issues, including stye/hordeolum/chalazion formation/meibomian gland dysfunction/dandruff formation resulting in acne rosacea/eczema conditions.

Staphylococcal blepharitis is more likely to affect those aged 60 and above and more often affects female than male patients. The condition can significantly diminish quality of life for those suffering from it. Some individuals can manage their symptoms with self-treatment alone and do not require medical advice, while others experience more severe or chronic forms of the disorder and require therapy in order to improve their quality of life. West Broward Eyecare Associates ophthalmologists can diagnose your blepharitis and develop a personalized treatment plan to manage its symptoms. Contact us now for more information or an appointment; the initial consultation is complimentary, we accept most major insurance plans, and financing solutions may also be available.

About the Author:
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Alexander Suprun

Alex started his first web marketing campaign in 1997 and continues harvesting this fruitful field today. He helped many startups and well-established companies to grow to the next level by applying innovative inbound marketing strategies. For the past 26 years, Alex has served over a hundred clients worldwide in all aspects of digital marketing and communications. Additionally, Alex is an expert researcher in healthcare, vision, macular degeneration, natural therapy, and microcurrent devices. His passion lies in developing medical devices to combat various ailments, showcasing his commitment to innovation in healthcare.


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